Surgical simulation training

Virtual Reality and Surgical Simulation
Surgical training is essential to maintain the quality of patient outcomes and ensure that surgeons can perform complex routines and procedures. Standard education and training activities are a normal part of a surgeon’s continuing education; But since this training is costly and intensive, practitioners looking for robust complementary models are turning to virtual reality surgical training.
Simulated virtual reality training can teach basic skills to surgeons using a computer-generated environment to improve their effectiveness by performing procedures such as laparoscopic surgery. These tools are then used to evaluate the surgeon’s competencies to perform specific tasks.
Surgical simulation training uses a computer program to train surgeons through video simulation exercises. Surgical simulation training encourages the growth of cognitive, technical, and clinical skills. The simulation helps to provide standardized skills competencies and educational requirements and training for surgeons or surgery residents. Simulation developers consider the costs, computing power, fidelity and real-time response in the creation of their products.
Simulation training costs range from $ 5,000 to $ 200,000, depending on the complexity of the training module and software requirements.
Although there is no evidence that this type of training will reduce corpse dependence and other costly training methodologies, they have not yet proven to be better than these traditional methods.
Benefits of Using Surgical Simulation
In a study of 16 resident surgeons, the use of virtual training reduced errors during gallbladder surgeries. Residents who were not trained using simulation were 5 times more likely to injure the gallbladder, while the same errors of the trained group with simulators were 6 times less likely to occur. The use of virtual simulators improves the overall outcome for the patient
The use of virtual simulation also reduced the time required to perform procedures on the surgeons who were trained. Residents who were trained using simulation models dissected the biliary vesicle 29% faster than those who did not receive virtual simulation training.
Surgeons are beginning to understand how surgical simulation can be useful in their learning and how that video game-like experience can offer the student a “test drive” of the body.
How Surgical Simulation Will Change Education
Surgical training has typically followed a learning model, in which a surgeon observes and follows another experienced senior surgeon to learn how to manipulate his work.
The introduction of virtual simulators can change as surgeons learn to perform surgeries while using these models create standardized work environments that could be applied to surgeons who are trained and practicing.
For now, surgical simulation training is often used as complementary training experiences rather than primary training tools. Some studies have indicated that the use of this training in laparoscopy, in particular, helped reduce suture times and increase surgeon accuracy.
However, using the model alone may not provide the socialization and other skills needed to function in a surgical setting.
Developers will continue to improve and build better simulation training modules as technology advances. Health organizations and physicians will likely continue to use this tool as an improvement to the educational process. Future research will reveal how these models will impact surgical training and how they compare with other training and education modules.